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Design Process

Design Process

The Design Process

The first step of the design process was to define the design problem: to create a first contact resource for burns in low income countries. Next, solutions for similar design problems already available on market were researched. Five “Burn Kits” were selected for critique and analysis to create a list of pros and cons used for guidance during the preliminary design phase. Discussion of the necessary components to be included in the kit was followed by a creative brainstorming session which resulted in several design potentials. A single design was selected for development and prototyping.



Careful observation of the proper use of the kit was translated into a series of illustrations to form a comprehensive set of instructions. After several iterations and feedback, removal of all accompanying text was achieved and illustrations were simplified to create a wordless and easy-to-follow set of instructions. The goal of the instructions is consistent proper use by users regardless of their language or level of literacy.


Universal Language of Art and Design

The universal language of art and design is a method of communication not relying on speech or text but rather symbols and graphics in effort to overcome language and literacy barriers. ISO is an International Organization for Standardization of graphical symbols established to define internationally accepted requirements for designs, colours, content and shapes of graphic symbols to convey specific meaning or instruction worldwide. Critical areas of ISO development include health and safety, prohibitions and mandatory actions.



Wordless Instruction Manual

The Burn Survival Kit is divided into 3 color coded containers. In order to open each container, the user must first pull the tab to unwind the instruction sheet. This ensures that the instruction sheet is noticed prior to the use of any of the contents.



Proper use of medical equipment and supplies relies heavily on intuitive industrial design and carefully constructed instructions. The Burn Survival Kit will reduce the incidence of burn contracture deformity and mortality by providing prompt, inexpensive and effective treatment. In addition, an organized system of response will become a catalyst for burn education and prevention.



  1. B. Atiyeh, A. Masellis, C. Conte. Optimizing burn treatment in developing low- andmiddle-income countries with limited health care Resources.” Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters – vol. XXII – n. 4 – December 2009.
  2. Calland JF, et al. Burn management in sub-Saharan Africa: Opportunities for implementation of dedicated training and development of specialty centers. Burns (2013).
  3. M. Peck. Epidemiology of burns throughout the world. Part I: Distribution and risk factors. Burns (2011).
  4. “The International Language of ISO graphical symbols” November 2013. www.iso.org